Scapa Flow is a stretch of shallow water off the north coast of Scotland within the Orkney Islands. It has been used for centuries as a safe anchorage for ships with the most recent exploitation being by the British Admiralty who used it as a Royal Naval Base for the fleet during two World Wars.
Carrier tactics were relatively poorly developed at the start of World War II, but a shortage of capital ships and ocean-wide operational requirements put every deck capable of launching aircraft into a position of value. Tactics evolved from single carrier raids to large fleets operating in unison
One of the Essex Class aircraft carriers constructed during the Second World War, USS Intrepid is now a museum ship in New York City. During her service she fought in the Second World War and Vietnam and was a vital part of NASA space operations where she plucked astronauts from the sea.
With the successful operation of the FH Phantom jet aircraft from a US aircraft carrier in 1946, jets entered center stage as the core of carrier strike groups. Their introduction necessitated a complete rethink and redesign of aircraft carriers and led to the first generation of super carriers.
As of 2011, China is a carrier power. A long time coming, the rebuild of the old Soviet era sister to the Kuznetsov- the Varyag- into the Shi Lang has given the People’s Liberation Army Navy its first aircraft carrier. But don’t let the hype fool you: China’s carrier is no threat to US interests.
European nations have collaborated on a number of military design projects in the past fifty years, among them the Eurofighter, the MEKO series of frigates, and various missiles. Joint aircraft carrier development like that attempted between the UK and France has however never taken off as hoped.
The Alsace Class was a planned battleship design that would mark France’s departure from the guidelines of the Washington Naval Treaty. They were to be, in part, an answer to the Bismarck and Tirpitz, Germany’s finest. But the Fall of France ended their development and they were never built.
The retirement of the HMS Ark Royal in 1979 marked the end of Britain’s ability to field a full deck aircraft carrier operating conventional, catapult launched aircraft for over 30 years. But by 2020 the arrival of the super carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth will begin a new age in British naval aviation
Canadian researchers have located a sailing ship that became stuck in ice over 150 years ago. The ship had been on a rescue mission itself, searching for a British party that had vanished while searching for a Northwest Passageway, when it became lodged.
Warble Narrowboats was a highly regarded canal boat building company that carried out construction to their own designs at their boatyard in Hyde, England. They were renowned for their steel hulled boats that were specifically designed for waterways and canals. They ceased trading in 2004.