# Hydraulics in Civil Engineering

Hydraulics is an important field in Civil Engineering that has to do with the mechanical properties of liquids. Whether the project is a tunnel, road or series of pipes running through a building, it’s important to know how the water will travel and what conditions the building will be safe under. Read more about topics like fluid mechanics, fluid machinery, irrigation, coastal waters and more.

### Design Calculations & Equations for Pipe Culvert

Circular pipe culverts are widely used in building projects. Do you know the equations that relate pipe culvert parameters under the condition of inlet control, or outlet control? Learn the equations in this article.

### Fluid Mechanics Calculations and Example Problems in Civil Engineering

The widespread applications of fluid mechanics and hydraulics in civil engineering include transportation of fluids in pipes and in open channels, as well as flow measurement for both pipes and open channels. These areas of application use a variety of calculations for design and for analysis.

### Froude Number and Manning Equation in Calculation of Critical Depth for Open Channel Flow

Calculation of critical slope and critical depth for open channel flow is needed for some applications. Read on for the equations, calculation procedures, and examples for a rectangular channel and for a trapezoidal channel.

### Standard Operating Procedures for Membrane Filtration

Membrane filtration is considered very efficient and is often used in addition to slow sand filtration and other methods to ensure the quality of drinking water.

### Engineering Disasters: the St Francis Dam Failure

The St Francis Dam failure in California occurred in 1928, two short years after its completion, resulting in over 450 deaths. The dam was constructed of concrete in an arch-gravity design, and spanned the San Francisquito Canyon forming a reservoir that supplied Los Angeles with drinking water.

### Comparison of Household Water Treatment Systems

Do you want to invest in household water treatment systems? Are you puzzled with regard to the system you should install? Perform a comparison of household water treatment systems before you install one. Do you need: carbon filter, reverse osmosis system, water softener, and ultraviolet system?

### Industrial Wastewater Reuse

Heightened public awareness and stricter application of effluent standards by the authorities has led to industrial wastewater reuse being given a lot of importance. Advanced technologies have also led to such reuse becoming feasible and economical.

### Water Mains Leaks and Breaks

Pipes are laid in the ground and soil conditions that are acidic can cause water mains to corrode and rupture. Breaks can also be occur when the pipes are subjected to very high pressures, which can even come from the water hammer cause by incorrect closing of valves.

### Generating Your Own Hydropower Using a Hydropower Home System

We have been using rivers to power the turbine of low head hydropower schemes for some time. However, there has been an innovative small hydropower design under test at Technische Universitat Munchen in Germany that uses very low heads. The complete unit is integral and concealed in a shaft.

### What is Hydrogeology?

The main motto of this post is to uncover the significance of hydrogeology, and its applications. Let us start by defining what hydrogeology means before getting on to other details.
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