Circular pipe culverts are widely used in building projects. Do you know the equations that relate pipe culvert parameters under the condition of inlet control, or outlet control? Learn the equations in this article.
The widespread applications of fluid mechanics and hydraulics in civil engineering include transportation of fluids in pipes and in open channels, as well as flow measurement for both pipes and open channels. These areas of application use a variety of calculations for design and for analysis.
Calculation of critical slope and critical depth for open channel flow is needed for some applications. Read on for the equations, calculation procedures, and examples for a rectangular channel and for a trapezoidal channel.
Membrane filtration is considered very efficient and is often used in addition to slow sand filtration and other methods to ensure the quality of drinking water.
The St Francis Dam failure in California occurred in 1928, two short years after its completion, resulting in over 450 deaths. The dam was constructed of concrete in an arch-gravity design, and spanned the San Francisquito Canyon forming a reservoir that supplied Los Angeles with drinking water.
Do you want to invest in household water treatment systems? Are you puzzled with regard to the system you should install? Perform a comparison of household water treatment systems before you install one. Do you need: carbon filter, reverse osmosis system, water softener, and ultraviolet system?
Heightened public awareness and stricter application of effluent standards by the authorities has led to industrial wastewater reuse being given a lot of importance. Advanced technologies have also led to such reuse becoming feasible and economical.
Pipes are laid in the ground and soil conditions that are acidic can cause water mains to corrode and rupture. Breaks can also be occur when the pipes are subjected to very high pressures, which can even come from the water hammer cause by incorrect closing of valves.
We have been using rivers to power the turbine of low head hydropower schemes for some time. However, there has been an innovative small hydropower design under test at Technische Universitat Munchen in Germany that uses very low heads. The complete unit is integral and concealed in a shaft.
The main motto of this post is to uncover the significance of hydrogeology, and its applications. Let us start by defining what hydrogeology means before getting on to other details.