The sphere of influence that geography exerts over almost all human activity cannot be understated. The physical geography of a land has a vast influence on the activities in that country, and this is to a large extent also dependent on the geological formations that are part of the environment.
Any building project that takes place on the ground (that’s many of them) has to be concerned with geotechnical engineering. This branch of Civil Engineering is concerned with earth materials, soil mechanics, geology etc. A geotechnical engineer will examine rock formations and locations to determine safety, environmental concerns and much more. Learn more about this fascinating sub-field here.
In seismic zones foundations are subjected to additional forces due to earthquakes. This will depend on the area and intensity of the earthquake. Design should take into consideration these forces.
Human geography is the study of how humans use and understand the earth and the process that affect life. This affects people and the environments that they create for themselves. Human geography in civil engineering greatly affects the buildings and structures that a civil engineer designs and buil