Hazmats are hazardous materials or dangerous goods that come under the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Act and under OSHA. A Hazmat procedure for the handling, stowage, transport and emergency response, and first aid in case of accidental spill, contamination, and fire has to be made.
This article discusses how the negative effects of complacency and routinization lead to marine accidents. To avoid this situation, many shipping companies are formally recognizing the importance of a Safety Management System for shipboard jobs.
In this article we discuss the pirate ship designs of the 1700s and 1800s that were contributory to the golden age of piracy. The pirates had no opportunity to design ships and they were all captured. These ships were soon modified for speed, firing power, and hull was reinforced in critical places.