The possibility of formwork reuse is determined by the type of formwork and the nature of construction. Reusing concrete formwork can reduce construction costs significantly if proper planning and handling is applied.
Highway road project management is not an easy task. It is a demanding job that requires good communication skills, knowledge in geometric design, experience, working knowledge of AASHTO guidelines, dealing with local authorities, labor and material management.
Lateral earth pressure refers to lateral forces acting on a retaining structures or soil mass. The three conditions of lateral earth pressure are active earth pressure, passive earth pressure, and earth pressure at rest.
Geometric design of highways and roadways refers to road engineering design features, notably horizontal and vertical alignment. Its main purpose is to provide safe and smooth traffic operations. The geometric design of roadways and highways is heavily influenced by the speed of the vehicle.
Structural analysis is an important subject of civil engineering that evaluates the different loads on structures, and their effects. It is an accurate method to ascertain the capability of the structures to withstand the expected loads, and assist in designing the structures accordingly.