The Principle of Increase of Entropy
The entropy of the isolated system is the measure of the irreversibility undergone by the system. More is the irreversibility more increase is the entropy of the system. As such the reversible process is an ideal process and it never really occurs. This means the certain amount of the irreversibility is always there in the system, this also means that the entropy of the isolated system always goes on increasing, it never reduces. Here let us keep in mind that isolated system can always be formed by including any system and surroundings within a single boundary.
In his book Engineering Thermodynamics, the author P K Nag says, “An irreversible process always tends to take the isolated system to a state of greater disorder. An isolated system always tends to a state of greater entropy. So there is link between entropy and disorder. It may be roughly said that the entropy of a system is a measure of degree of molecular disorder existing in the system. When the heat is imparted to a system, the disorderly motion of the molecules increases and so the entropy of the system increases. The reverse occurs when the heat is removed from the system.”
Summarizing the first and second law of thermodynamics, Clausius made two statements:
1) The energy of the world (universe) is constant.
2) The entropy of the world tends towards a maximum.
Thus the entropy of the isolated system tends to go on increasing and reaches maximum value at the state of equilibrium. When the system reaches equilibrium the increase in entropy becomes zero.