Function of Transport Engineering
Transport engineering has had a significant impact on the development of communities. This science assists in providing an efficient system of land, air, and sea transport that is of extreme importance for the economy of a society. All aspects related to transport are considered and implemented in transport engineering, including the design, construction, and maintenance of transport facilities such as airports, roads, and ports. The capability of transportation can be increased by better transport management techniques, including improvement in traffic control, development of mass transit systems, and the operation of high-speed trains.
Transport Engineering has the following sub-disciplines:
Road Transport Engineering: If we look back in history, Romans built great roads for the movement of their armies from one area to the other. Trade increased significantly during the Industrial Revolution, due to which the improvement of road transport was essential.
Highway engineering: It involves the improvement of the system of transportation by the utilization of the principles of civil engineering. Planning, design, creation, and management of highways, roads, and other facilities of transport are looked after under Highway Engineering.
Port and Harbor Engineering: It deals with the design, construction, and operation of ports, canals, and other marine establishments.
Railway Engineering: Design and maintenance of railway tracks and railway transit systems is carried on under this discipline.