What does Marpol Consists Of?
Marpol 73/78 mainly consists of six annexes that describe various regulations related to the discharge of oil and other environmentally harmful chemicals into the sea. The first annex of the six annexes came into force from 1983 and the rest of the annexes followed it gradually. Each of the annexes is dedicated to the rules and regulations of a particular harmful substance. A brief outline of each annexure is as follows.
Annex 1 of the Marpol deals with regulations related to the discharge of oil into the sea, annex 2 deals with regulations of noxious liquid substances, annex 3 deals with the regulations of harmful substances in packaged form, annex 4 deals with regulations related to sewage, annex 5 deals with garbage and solid waste, and the most recently established annex 6 deals with air pollution from ships.
Apart from this, the Marpol convention consists of various regulations related to the design, construction, and inspection of the ship. Marpol also includes a special segment known as the “special areas" wherein a few areas around the world are limited from any kind of discharge into its waters, mainly because of their vulnerable environmental conditions and already damaged ecosystem.
Thus, Marpol is a compilation of various rules and regulations that monitors and prevents the pollution at sea fro ships. Moreover, because of the growing concern towards the environment, these rules are becoming stricter, demanding better and more environmentally friendly ships.