An emergency is an unwelcome situation that does not give any prior or advance notice of its arrival. On board a ship, it is a totally different situation, wherein the overall safety of the ship is in danger. An emergency situation on board can be a result of quite a few instances such as man overboard, oil spillage, operational flaws, collision, grounding or stranding, foundering, fire etc.
Ashore, help can be easily available from sources such as port authorities, coast guards, hospitals, fire brigade etc. But on the ship, the responsibilities lie solely on the ship’s officer and crew. For this reason the ship’s crew should be trained with a mind-set that is prepared to face such kind of emergencies. Each and every person on the ship is allotted a specific duty, which he has to perform in case of such emergencies.
However, the most dangerous among these emergencies is oil spillage or oil leakage. An oil spill on the ship doesn’t involve that much risk if it’s under control, but once the oil finds a way into the sea water, it becomes a grave and global issue. Let’s have a look at the various aspects involved in an oil spill and its consequences thereafter, from both environmental and legal perspective. Also find out as to why do oil spills occurs?