Important Issues Concerning the Future Growth of Hydroelectric Power Plants
Hydropower is the most widely used type of renewable energy source used for the generation of electricity on small scale as well as large scale basis. The generation of electricity from hydroelectric power plants produces no greenhouse gases, toxic waste and particulate matter.
The main problem with the hydroelectric power plants is the ecological imbalance created by it especially in the downstream. With the environment conscious groups becoming more active these days, greater attention is given to the environmental concerns while considering the development of new hydroelectric power plant. Another important issue is the displacement of human beings from their native land occupied by them and their ancestors since centuries, and their proper resettlement.
There is still huge potential for tapping power from water flowing in the rivers throughout the world. However, before considering the development of the new hydroelectric power plants the governments of the countries will have to address the above issues with full sincerity and transparency without keeping any concerned party in dark to avoid the protests cropping up in future against the expensive projects.
We have seen one of the biggest protests of the human history against the hydroelectric power plant project in India. Even after the construction of major parts of Narmada Sarovar project, the protests are still going on now and then mainly because the resettlement issues have not been dealt properly. Some villages of my city are also covered under this project, so we have seen the protests very closely. In fact I have some friends and colleagues who were and are actively involved in these protests. I have even attended one or two meetings of these groups.