Synthetic ropes have substituted almost all the natural material ropes. These ropes are used in a variety of applications because of the long length of their fibers, which increases the strength and durability of the materials. The different types of synthetic materials are:
This is one of the most widely used fibers because of its strength and high resistance to load and degradation. Having very low elasticity, polyester does not stretch and is thus less affected by wear and tear. It also has a high resistance towards chemicals, acids, water and sunlight. The ropes made of polyester do not float and are generally used for mooring applications.
This is the only manmade fiber that is affected by sunlight and thus needs various additives during making. Polypropylene can be made from a single filament fiber or a multi filament-fiber. A polypropylene rope is not used where more of friction is there. Resistant to most of the chemicals, the ropes made from these materials are lighter and float on water.
Generally used for making light weight ropes, this plastic easily wears and tears. The rope made out of this material is a bit difficult to tie in knot. Due to the light weight of the material, the rope made out of it floats on water.
Also known as nylon, it is one of the strongest manmade materials for ropes. It is elastic, durable and is not affected by chemicals or water. Though the material loses strength when wet, it has a high ability to absorb loads, tension and shocks. Ropes made from nylon float on water.