Hydrodynamic lubrication is said to exist when the moving surfaces are separated by the pressure of a continuous unbroken film or layer of lubrication. In this type of lubrication, the load is taken completely by the oil film.
The basis of hydrodynamic lubrication is the formation of an oil wedge. When the journal rotates, it creates an oil taper or wedge between the two surfaces, and the pressure build up with the oil film supports the load.
Hydrodynamic lubrication depends on the relative speed between the surfaces, oil viscosity, load, and clearance between the moving or sliding surfaces.
In hydrodynamic lubrication the lube oil film thickness is greater than outlet, pressure at the inlet increases quickly, remains fairly steady having a maximum value a little to the outside of the bearing center line, and then decreases quickly to zero at the outlet.
Application of hydrodynamic lubrication
- Light machines like watches, clocks, guns, sewing machines.
- Large plain bearings like pedestal bearings, main bearing of diesel engines.
Hydrocarbon oils are considered to be satisfactory lubrication for fluid film lubrication. In order to maintain the viscosity of the oil in all seasons of the year, ordinary hydrocarbon lubricants are blended with selected long chain polymers.