Construction and Parts
A screw gauge consists of a “U" shaped metallic structure, which is attached to a hollow cylindrical tube on one end. The hollow tube has a uniformly threaded nut inside it. A long stud with a plane face is fitted into this nut. Exactly on the opposite side of this nut and on the other end of the U shaped frame, a smaller stud with a plane face is also attached. Faces of both the studs are exactly parallel to each other.
This U shaped metallic structure is known as the frame of the micrometer screw gauge. The smaller stud is known as the anvil and the longer one is known as the spindle. The anvil is the fixed part of the device, whereas the spindle moves as and when the head is moved. The frame carries both the anvil and barrel, and is also heavier than the rest of the parts. The object to be measured is held between the anvil and the spindle.
The Barrel or sleeve is connects the frame to the cylindrical tube. It is a non-movable part of the screw gauge and has a scale inscribed over it which is the main scale of the device. Moreover, it also carries the most important part of the micrometer- the screw.
The screw is the heart of the micrometer and is located inside the barrel. The screw converts small dimensions into measurable distance using a scale. The thimble or head is the end of the cylindrical tube and is turned to move and adjust the spindle. The thimble carries the vernier or secondary scale. There is one more part called the ratchet which is provided at the end of the tube. The ratchet is kind of limiting device which applies a pressure by slipping at a predetermined torque and thus prevents the spindle from moving further. Some screw gauges also consist of locking devices which holds the scales at a particular position for prevent any kind of error while taking readings.
Thus the main parts of a micrometer screw gauge are: