Design for Production
Once the prototype testing is successful all the drawings, parts and material lists are sent to the production engineering department where the drawings are modified are so that the design for production is made for the completed project (see fig below). During the design for production stage the consideration is given to the design changes to so as to make it compatible with the most economical methods of production.
During design for production the manufacturing methods that will help manufacturing the product in most economic way and in the shortest possible time are considered. Every product requires multiple components and multiple phases of production. During the design for production the shortest possible manufacturing cycle for the product is found.
If certain components of the product requires machining, their production planning has to be done so as to identify which operation should be carried our first and how much time each of the machining operation will take. Say of instance if the shaft with multiple steps and threads is to be manufactured for the machine, the production manager will identify the raw material available for it. Then the shaft will have to be machined to certain diameter and length, and thereafter various steps will be made followed by threading and drilling. Most of these operations will be carried out on lathe machine in certain sequence within specified interval of time.
During the design for production phase due consideration is also given to the commercially available readymade parts in the market. In most of the cases the readymade parts are always cheaper than the in-house produced parts. Hence the design engineer may decide to manufacture those parts in-house that are not available in the market and purchase the readymade parts that are cheaply available.
In certain cases the there is possibility of replacing some materials with the equivalent satisfactory material at lower costs without affecting the performance or the life of the product. Finally, when all the production drawings are completed, they are sent to the production department for the product release.