1) Solar Heat Gain from the Windows
The solar heat is one of the prominent sources of heat inside the room. It enters the rooms via windows, walls and the roof. The solar heat entering the room via windows produces the heating effect immediately. The amount of heat entering the room via windows depends on following factors:
a) The size of the window: Larger the size of the window more is the heat gained from it.
b) Orientation of the window: This is the direction of the window in the room. As per the various positions of the sun throughout the day, it has been found that in the morning the maximum amount of heat is absorbed by the windows in the eastern direction (see the images below). This means the windows in east direction absorb maximum heat in the morning when sun rises. In the afternoon the sun reaches overhead position so the windows in south absorb maximum heat in the afternoon. But this intensity of heat is lesser than that absorbed from east and west. In the late afternoon sun reaches western side and its temperature becomes maximum around 4pm. Thus the windows in west absorb maximum heat in the late afternoon. The amount of heat absorbed by the windows in east and west directions is maximum, it's lesser for the windows in south direction and least for the windows in north direction since sun does not move to north.
c) The glass used for the windows: The double glass used for the windows helps reducing the solar heat gained from the windows. Similarly, if the glass is covered with black or other color shades the amount of solar heat absorbed by it reduces.
d) The awnings used for the windows: The awnings built outside the windows help reduce the amount of direct heat absorbed by the window.
e) The curtains used for the windows: The curtains also play important role in absorption of heat by the windows. The curtains can be thick or thin, inside the room or outside the room or on both sides, the color of the curtains can be dark or light. All the curtains help reduce the amount of heat absorbed by the windows. The dark shades, thick curtains and curtains on both the sides are more effective.