Positive Displacement Pumps
Positive displacement, as the name suggests, is displacing something positively, that is, certain fixed quantity is displaced. In case of the fluid pumps that “something" is fluid for sure. Positive displacement of a fluid is that a closed volume of the fluid is moved from one part of the machine to the other part. The construction of the positive displacement pumps is such that the moving parts along with the fixed ones inside it can form moving enclosed volumes. They open on one side, take the fluid, enclose it and open on the other side, discharging the fluid.
Positive Displacement pumps can further be classified under subcategories according to the motion pattern of the enclosed volume forming parts.
Reciprocating Positive Displacement Pumps
In the reciprocating positive displacement pumps the moving part forming the enclosed volume for fluid displacement has a reciprocating motion. Reciprocating pumps are mainly of two types based on the reciprocating part.
Each type of these reciprocating pumps is available with various different features. Different variants of positive displacement pumps reciprocating pump are single discharge, double discharge, duplex and triplex.
Rotary Positive Displacement Pumps
Rotating positive displacement pumps have rotating parts which form the moving cavity for carrying the fluid from one side and discharging it at the supply side. Rotary positive displacement pumps are of mainly two types based on the number of rotors.
Each of these two types of Rotary Positive Displacement Pump has pumps available with different design features. Screw Pumps and Gear Pumps are most common Rotary Positive Displacement Pumps.