Designing Home Wiring Layouts
The following explanation will help you understand better how to design home wiring layouts:
How to Wire a Switch and a Load (a Light Bulb) to an Electrical Supply : As can be seen in the diagram the wiring is pretty simple. The Phase is invariably applied to one terminal of the switch, the other terminal moves to one of the connections of the load, and the other point of the load continues to finish at the Neutral of the supply line. Toggling the switch will alternately switch the bulb ON and OFF.
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How to Connect Two Switches in Parallel to Operate a Single Load : In the above example if an additional switch is connected to the existing one in parallel, either of them may be used to switch ON the bulb. And if desired, one switch may be located far away for remote operation of the light. But here, to deactivate the load (Bulb), both the switches will need to switch OFF.
How to connect Two Switches in Series to Operate a Single Load : If two switches are connected in series to the above network (see the figure below)), both of them will need to be switched ON to energize the load, but, toggling OFF any one of the switches will be enough to extinguish the light.
How to wire a Socket with a Switch to an Electrical Supply : The below given diagram shows a simple method of connecting a socket with a switch. Here, the Phase as usual and mandatorily is connected to one terminal of the switch and its other terminal is wired to the RIGHT hand side terminal of the socket. The LEFT hand side terminal of the socket goes to the Neutral line of the supply voltage.
How to Interconnect a Switch, a Fan and a Fan Regulator to an Electrical Supply : With the help of the figure (shown below), one can easily see the simple concept of joining a fan, a fan regulator and a switch to an electrical supply. The idea is simple, just go on connecting each of them in series to one another. The diagram is self explanatory (Remember, the Phase always needs to be connected to the switch).
The basic home electrical wiring diagrams described above should have provided you with a good understanding. Hopefully this should help you in designing your own home wiring layouts independently. If in any sort of problem, feel free to exchange your thoughts with me (comments need moderation, and may take sometime to appear).