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What is a Washing Machine? Types of Washing Machine

written by: Haresh Khemani • edited by: Lamar Stonecypher • updated: 6/16/2009

Depending on the position of loading the clothes in washing, there are two types of washing machines: top loading and front loading washing machines. Both these have been described below:

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    What is Washing Machine?

    Washing machine is the machine used to wash the various types of clothes without applying any physical efforts. With washing machine you don't have to rub the clothes with hand or squeeze them to remove the water from them. The washing machine is also called as clothes washer or simply the washer. The washing machine enables you to wash your clothes automatically without having to supervise its operation. All you have to do is put the clothes in the machine and select the wash mode. The washing machine automatically takes in the amount of water and detergent required and it also automatically sets the timer for washing, rinsing and drying as per the selected mode and the amount of clothes.

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    Types of Washing Machine

    Depending on the position of loading the clothes in washing machine, there are two types of washing machines: top loading and front loading washing machines. Both these have been described below:

    1) Top loading washing machine: In this washing machine the clothes are loaded from the top of the washing machine. There is a cover at the top that helps loading and unloading of clothes in the round vessel that perform the function of the washer as well as the rinser and drier in the fully automatic washing machine. The top loading washing machine is preferred by the people who don’t want to bend the body while loading the clothes in the machine. This washing machine is more widely used than the front loading washing machine in many parts of the world.

    Top Loading Fully Automatic Washing Machine  

    2) Front loading washing machine: In this machine the clothes are loaded from the front side. The studies have shown that the front loading washing machines consume less electric energy, water and detergent and also give better washing results compared to the top loading washing machine.

    Front Loading Washing Machine  

    In the European markets the market share of the front loading washing machines is 90%, while of the top loading washing machines is mere 10%. In contrast, the US has market share of 65% for top loading and 35% for front loading washing machines.

    Depending on the total automatic features available in the washing machine, the top loading washing machines are also classified as: semi automatic washing machine and fully automatic washing machine. Let us see the details of the two:

    1) Semi-automatic washing machine: This has separate tubs or vessels for the washer and the drier. There are two separate timers that enable setting washing and drying times. To wash the clothes you have to put the clothes in the wash vessel, put sufficient quantity of the water and detergent and then set the timer. After the specified time, the washing machine will stop. You can remove the clothes and dry them in the sun or you can dry them partially in the drier vessel by setting suitable time.

    2) Fully automatic machine: In fully automatic washing machine there is only one tub that serves as the washer, rinser as well as the drier. Depending on the number of clothes or the weight of the clothes, the machine takes in the sufficient amount of water and detergent automatically and sets the timer for wash and drying automatically. All you have to do is just provide the water connection, put the detergent from time-to-time in its storage space and put the clothes, the fully automatic washing machine does the rest of things automatically.

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