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Smart Electrical Fire Protection Systems in Factories and Workplaces

written by: Baby Rani • edited by: Swagatam • updated: 5/23/2011

Electricity has become very common in our day to day lives and because of this we tend to take it for granted. Carelessness or not following guidelines while working with wiring in a workplace can result in dangerous fire mishaps. Here we look at smart ways to avoid electrical fires in industry.

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    “Prevention is better than cure," is a quote which well suits with fire hazardous situations at workplaces or factories. Although fire fighting is important, preventing fire is all the more crucial. Why should we waste our money and energy in fighting with something that can in first place be prevented?

    Right then, what are some of the smart ways to avoid electrical fires at the workplaces? Is it smart enough to prevent, detect, and escape workplace fires by installing certain automated equipment?

    We constantly consider fire protection equipment and the application of fire fighting tools while neglecting the significance of exercising fire preventive steps to put off a real fire mishap from occurring.

    Let us look into some of the fire preventing instruments/hardware that can be installed in workplaces to provide electrical fire protection.

    In order to avoid electrical fires at workplaces consider the following factors:

    Some of the precarious electrical circumstances resulting in fire hazards include damaged electrical conductors, overloaded sockets and improper use of extension cords and temporary wiring, defective/not to code wiring, worn out fuses, improper/low quality electrical tools, breakdown of electrical devices, buggy electrical connectors, and a lack of clearance between electrical warming devices and flammable materials. If you want to avoid electrical fires, then you will want to use only high quality electrical components.

    Remember that electrical fires can only be put out by a CO2 fire extinguisher. Applying the incorrect kind of fire extinguisher can produce devastating results. For example, if you use water fire-asphyxiator, it might make the situation worse by introducing the danger of electrocutions.

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    Installations of Automated Protection Systems - Devices and Hardware

    Smart ways to avoid electrical fires at the workplace involve installing different equipment that will stop a possible fire before it gains a foothold. The following portable or fixed equipment can be installed to prevent, detect, and escape workplace fires:

    Automatic Fire Sprinklers

    Automatic fire sprinkler systems are extensively applied today as fire protection systems. Using the exact quantity of water- that is as little as is possible- in the right spot within the right time is the doctrine of automatic fire sprinkler systems.

    Normally such systems are fed straight away from the mains of a town, but if sufficient water flow and pressure need to be guaranteed then installation of water tanks and pumps becomes necessary.

    Sprinkler Systems, Image   Sprinkler systems are basically a chain of water pipes that are provided with a dependable water supply. Free and heat triggered valves branded as sprinkler heads can be found down the length of these pipes at preferred intervals. The responsibility of the sprinkler is to distribute water on the fire. The majority of the fire sprinkler systems also include a warning device to alarm residents and the disaster response force when a sprinkler activates (meaning when a fire occurs). The different kinds of fire sprinkler systems are wet, dry, pre-action, and deluge.

    What are wet fire sprinkler systems?

    A wet fire sprinkler system is one which is continuously charged with water under force and that contains the fire sprinkler valves in the shut down posture. Water immediately flows on to the fire when the sprinkler head is triggered. Such kinds of sprinkler systems are normally set up in regions where the surrounding temperature is more than 32o F.

    Dry fire sprinkler systems

    These types of sprinkler systems are continuously charged with dense air, holding the fire sprinkler regulator in closed position. When the head is set off, the air pressure drops, resulting in the opening of the valve, and water runs into the system and over the fire. Such kind of sprinkler systems are used at places where a frost possibility may occur and the ambient temperature is equal to or less than 32o F.

    Pre-action fire sprinkler systems

    These types of sprinkler systems are a combination of electrical/mechanical sensing systems. They are charged with dense air and are automatically filled up with water on electrical exposure to keep off unintentional water damage. They are set up in high risk regions like data processing installations or cold storages.

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    Installations of Automated Protection Systems - Devices and Hardware

    Deluge fire sprinkler systems

    These types of sprinkler systems are also a combination of electrical/mechanical sensing systems. The pipes are not pressurized in these sprinkler systems. When the system is triggered water flows through all the sprinkler heads contained in the system. They are normally set up in high-risk regions like power plants, air docks, and chemical storeroom or treating installations. If you want to know about different brands and working of automatic sprinkler systems then look here.

    For a classic fire sprinkler system, sprinklers are set up crosswise on the ceiling at standard intervals all through the protected construction and linked to a network of water pipes that is continuously filled with water under force.

    Every fire sprinkler in the group is held closed by a thermo component. The thermo element is typically a little glass bulb full of a color coded fluid that enlarges when heated up. In case of a fire occurring underneath the fire sprinkler, the heat causes the fluid in the bulb to expand. When there is no more room for expansion the bulb breaks and seal falls off with water being sprayed on the fire. Nearly 65% of fires can be checked by a single sprinkler and 95% of fires can be controlled by five or less sprinklers. These sprinklers do not respond to smoke.

    The above discussed electrical fire protection systems today are being mandatorily employed in industries and similar important workplaces.

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    Automatic Fire Alarm Systems

    Automatic fire alarm systems help in monitoring surrounding atmospheric temperature and warning against possible fire-like situations by raising an alarm. Normally a fire alarm system is automatically motivated, however they may be also be manually triggered during emergencies. The most fundamental models of automatic alarms are obtainable for less than 10 USD.

    Fire Alarm  

    The working of a fire alarm system may be based on the particular model. The basic prototypes work by sensing smoke by ionization. More refined systems use photoelectric system where light becomes the principal mode of detection due to the presence of smoke in the air. The ionization system of automatic fire alarm holds a small quantity of a radioactive matter branded as americium-241. This matter is utilized to produce an electrical current inside the detector. Smoke interrupts this electrical current, and the automatic fire alarm sensing mechanism sounds the alarm. For more details please visit Fire Fighters Equipment Co.

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    Several elements associated with electrical facilities may display deviating levels of validity. In spite of their inbuilt vulnerability, they must all function reliably under precise conditions.

    Regrettably, even in the best situations, electrical tools are subject to collapse, resulting in human trauma or material damage. Safe function of electrical facilities may be by the virtue of effective original design, not the simple furnishing of safety systems.

    This is a consequence of the fact that as current flows at the pace of light, all electromechanical and electronic systems display response latencies, induced mainly by thermal inactivity, mechanical inactivity, and upkeep conditions.


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