Sub-Branches of Civil Engineering
Civil engineering is the most diverse field of all the engineering branches. Technically speaking, civil engineering is the creator of the whole world’s infrastructure. Structures such as tunnels, dams, sewers, bridges, highways, canals, industrial plants, residential buildings, railway lines, airports etc come under the category of civil engineering. Moreover, as the population of the world increases and the technology becomes more advanced, the need for better infrastructure will increase around the world. Civil engineering continues to cater to these needs in all the sectors and aspects of human life.
The need for infrastructure has increased by leaps and bounds in each and every sector. In order to concentrate and manage the construction process in each sector, the field of civil engineering has been divided into various sub-disciplines. This means that on the basis of applications, the stream of civil engineering has been segregated into several branches to make the construction process easier and more manageable. Some of the main branches include – bridge engineering, construction engineering, coastal engineering, geotechnical engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, surveying etc.